Chotis is a music and dance originating in Bohemia. Its name derives from the German term Schottisch («Scottish»), a Central European social dance to which in Vienna was wanted to attribute origin in a Scottish dance. Several variants of the schottisch survive in the Argentine tradition (schotis), Austrian, Brazilian (xote), Scandinavian (schottis), Spanish, Finnish (Sottiisi), French (Scottish), Italian (chotis), English (scottische), Mexican ), Paraguayan, Portuguese (choutiça or choke), Swiss and Uruguayan. It became fashionable in most of Europe during the nineteenth century and spread to America.
The chotis arrived in the Spanish capital in 1850 and it was reported that the first night was danced in the Royal Palace on the night of November 3 of that year, under the name of Polca Alemana. Popular and dance castizo by antonomasia of the town of Madrid.
It dances in couple face to face, to the sound of a organillo, note 1 and during the dance the woman revolves around the man, who in turn turns on its own axis, hence the popular saying that » It does not take more than a tile «to dance it. It is typical to see him dance, in the summer festivals of Madrid: the women dressed in a Manila shawl and half-head covering, and the men, always looking at the front and dressed in vest, striped pants and a visor or visor.